The important thing to understand is the technicalities of building a website are only a small part of what we need to consider to be effective development workers online. Understanding mutuality: what it means to work mutually and how to spot when we’re not, is essential if we are to be effective online and in real life.

On this page you will find my sub-themes relating to mutuality.  Follow the links in the headings for more detailed pages, which lead you to my detailed posts!


The overlaps and boundaries of the private, statutory and third sectors can become complex.  For example, is a self-employed web designer, specialising in the third sector, a part of the third sector or the private sector?  What’s going on when a local authority applies for a grant to start a social enterprise?

This section is mostly a case study of some of the pitfalls when the three sectors work together.

Third Sector

Third sector means various things to various people. Politically it has been re-named as the Big Society in recent years.  Sometimes we call the sector not-for-profit or the community or voluntary sector.  None of these names are satisfactory because they tend to cover some organisations and not others. However, these complex names may help us decide the purpose of our websites.

The third sector includes a range of organisations.  What role does each type, eg community group, voluntary organisation, charity, social enterprise, mutual, faith group; play and what is its socioeconomic position?


This section is an introduction to some real-life mutual methods, suggesting texts and sites which might help you get started.


Partnership  is proving to be important online. This short section explores a theoretical background for partnerships. It really needs some good examples of partnerships in action. Any ideas?